A neurological condition is a disease, illness or trauma that affects the central or peripheral nervous system. Examples of symptoms include paralysis, tremor, cognitive difficulties, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness.

There are more than 600 recognised conditions. These include:

1.  Parkinson disease
2.  Multiple Sclerosis
3.  Traumatic Brain Injury
4.  Brain Tumours
5.  Diabetic Neuropathy
6.  Guillain-Barre Syndrome
7.  Headache, including Migraine
8.  Polio
9.  Strokes
10. Huntington’s Disease
11. Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Long-term neurological conditions can be broadly categorised as follows:
Sudden onset conditions, for example acquired brain injury, stroke or spinal cord injury, followed by a partial recovery.

Intermittent and unpredictable conditions, for example epilepsy, certain types of headache or early multiple sclerosis, where relapses and remissions lead to marked variation in the care needed.


Progressive conditions, for example motor neurone disease, Parkinson’s disease or later stages of multiple sclerosis, where progressive deterioration in neurological function leads to increasing dependence on help and care from others. For some conditions (e.g. motor neurone disease) deterioration can be rapid
Stable neurological conditions, but with changing needs due to development or ageing, for example post-polio syndrome or cerebral palsy in adults.